Multilingual Website Multilingual contents is a need for e-commerce website, especially in multinational company interesting on cross-border commerce. Understanding that need, most of wordpress themes are translated-ready.
Multilingual contents is a need for e-commerce website, especially in multinational company interesting on cross-border commerce. Understanding that need, most of wordpress themes are translated-ready.
However, in case you add in elements, modify the template, extend and create the child themes, how to make new sentences translated as others ?
Where we find the translation file
In each theme/plugin, there is folder named "lang" or "languages" where we find the tools for translation. We will modify the po files (aka matching table of vocabulary) and create mo file (binary file of po file). The filename comprised of languageIdentifier_countryCode.
Every new words/sentences created in template using wordpress function __("stringToBeTranslated") or _e("stringToBeTranslated") would be imported into PO file of every language. And to make it automatically, here is the way to do:
We are using wordpress i18n tool, check it out using SVN
sudo svn co http://i18n.svn.wordpress.org/tools/trunk/ /usr/lib/wpi18n
Tips: You do not have to put in /usr/lib/wpi18n, but if you put elsewhere, make sure to set the $WP_I18N_LIB environment variable in your .bashrc or .bash_profile file:
Createmakepot script (usually put in /usr/local/bin)
cd /usr/local/bin sudo nano makepot
#!/bin/bash if [ ! -d "$WP_I18N_LIB" ]; then WP_I18N_LIB="/usr/lib/wpi18n"; fi if [ -z "$1" ]; then projectType="wp-plugin" else projectType="$1" fi if [ -z "$2" ]; then textdomain="" else textdomain=$2 fi if [ -z "$3" ]; then projectDir=`pwd` else projectDir="$3" fi pluginBasename=$(basename "$projectDir") if [[ ! $textdomain ]]; then textdomain="$pluginBasename" fi if [ -d "$projectDir/languages" ]; then php "$WP_I18N_LIB/makepot.php" $projectType $projectDir "$projectDir/languages/$textdomain.pot" elif [ -d "$projectDir/lang" ]; then php "$WP_I18N_LIB/makepot.php" $projectType $projectDir "$projectDir/lang/$textdomain.pot" else php "$WP_I18N_LIB/makepot.php" $projectType $projectDir "$textdomain.pot" fi
Make it executable
chmod +x makepot
Go to themes or plugins folder (it is in wp-conten) and run:
It use the project type by default, we can specify a different project type as an argument.
You can also specify the text-domain as optional second argument
makepot wp-theme textdomain
Last optional third argument is the plugin or theme directory to output files
makepot wp-plugin textdomain path/to/plugin
Create MO file in themes/themename/lang: it will be used by wordpress to lookup translation of string,. Go to themes/themename/lang and run
msgfmt -o filename.mo filename.po
Hint: if msgfmt is not available on your pc, just install from gettext package and you are good to go
sudo apt-get install gettext
Next time, to change the translation, modify the PO file and rebuild MO file.